United Kingdom


Introduction

The U.K., made up of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, is an island nation in northwestern Europe. England – birthplace of Shakespeare and The Beatles – is home to the capital, London, a globally influential centre of finance and culture. England is also site of neolithic Stonehenge, Bath’s Roman spa and centuries-old universities at Oxford and Cambridge.
Area: 243,610 km²
Population: 64.1 million (2013) World Bank
Minimum wage: 1,378.87 EUR per month (Jan 2015) Eurostat

Climate

The British Climate is famed for its unpredictability and is a topic of daily conversation. There may be occasions when you will experience all four seasons in one day- sun, wind, rain and snow! Generally British winters are cold and wet, and will last from November through to March. The South East region experiences slightly milder winters than Northern parts of the country, but you’ll still need to wrap up warm with hats, gloves and scarves. In the summer months (May – September) you will experience warmer and drier weather, and there may be periods when temperatures in the South East are similar to those in Mediterranean countries. Generally, however, the summer’s conditions remain temperate and you are likely to experience occasional rainfall throughout the summer months.

Average day-time temperatures in the North West of England, where MMU is located, are:

  • Summer 19 ºC
  • Winter 5 ºC

Hours of daylight can vary – from 8am until 4pm in the winter, to 4am and 10.30pm in the summer.

Geography

The United Kingdom, consisting of Great Britain (England, Wales, and Scotland) andNorthern Ireland, is twice the size of New York State. England, in the southeast part of the British Isles, is separated from Scotland on the north by the granite Cheviot Hills; from them the Pennine chain of uplands extends south through the center of England, reaching its highest point in the Lake District in the northwest. To the west along the border of Wales—a land of steep hills and valleys—are the Cambrian Mountains, while the Cotswolds, a range of hills in Gloucestershire, extend into the surrounding shires.

Important rivers flowing into the North Sea are the Thames, Humber, Tees, and Tyne. In the west are the Severn and Wye, which empty into the Bristol Channel and are navigable, as are the Mersey and Ribble.

The UK is an island nation in Western Europe just off the coast of France. The mainland areas lie between latitudes 49°N and 59°N and longitudes 8°W to 2°E.

The UK lies between the North Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea, and comes within 35 km (22 miles) of the northwest coast of France, from which it is separated by the English Channel. Northern Ireland shares a 360 km international land boundary with the Republic of Ireland. The Channel Tunnel bored beneath the English Channel, now links the UK with France.

How big an area does the UK cover?

The UK has a total area of approximately 245,000 km², almost a quarter-of-a-million square kilometres.

Seas surrounding the UK

The UK is made up of several islands. The only land border connecting the UK to another country is between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland.

The UK is bordered by four seas:

  • to the south by the English Channel, which separates it from continental Europe
  • to the east by the North Sea
  • to the west by the Irish Sea and the Atlantic Ocean

The Land

The UK Landscape is very varied, ranging from the Grampian Mountains of Scotland to the lowland fens of England which are at or below sea level in places.

Scotland and Wales are the most mountainous parts of the UK. A ridge of hills, thePennine, runs down the centre of northern England. Many coastal areas are low-lying, especially in the east and south of England. These include the wetlands of the Somerset levels, that regularly flood during heavy rain.

Most of the UK is made up of gently rolling hills with isolated areas of high ground such as Dartmoor in the south-west of England or the Mourne Mountains in Northern Ireland.

Lakes

Northern Ireland is also home to the UK’s largest lake, Lough Neagh, which covers an area of 396sq.km (153 sq miles). Other major lakes include Windermere in the English Lake District and Loch Lomond in Scotland. Another of Scotland’s lakes, Loch Ness is famous for sightings of ‘Nessie’, a mythical monster!

Find out more about the landscape of England

UK Rivers

Being a relatively small Island, the UK’s rivers are not very long. The Severn, its longest river, is just 338 km in length, beginning in Wales and entering the Atlantic Ocean near Bristol in England. Other major rivers include the Thames, which flows through Oxford and London, and the Trent and Mersey rivers, which drain rainfall from large areas of central England.

Facts

Demographics

Population 63,742,977 (July 2014 est.)
Age structure 0-14 years: 17.3% (male 5,660,891/female 5,380,448)
15-24 years: 12.6% (male 4,116,859/female 3,945,146)
25-54 years: 41% (male 13,299,731/female 12,843,937)
55-64 years: 11.5% (male 3,621,110/female 3,702,717)
65 years and over: 17.5% (male 4,990,024/female 6,182,114) (2014 est.)
Dependency ratios total dependency ratio: 54.8 %
youth dependency ratio: 27.2 %
elderly dependency ratio: 27.6 %
potential support ratio: 3.6 (2014 est.)
Median age total: 40.4 years
male: 39.2 years
female: 41.6 years (2014 est.)
Population growth rate 0.54% (2014 est.)
Birth rate 12.22 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate 9.34 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Net migration rate 2.56 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Urbanization urban population: 79.6% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 0.76% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities – population LONDON (capital) 9.005 million; Birmingham 2.272 million; Manchester 2.213 million; West Yorkshire 1.625 million; Glasgow 1.137 million; Newcastle upon Tyne 874,000 (2011)
Sex ratio at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Mother’s mean age at first birth 27.8
note: data refer to England and Wales (2010 est.)
Infant mortality rate total: 4.44 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 4.86 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
Life expectancy at birth total population: 80.42 years
male: 78.26 years
female: 82.69 years (2014 est.)
Total fertility rate 1.9 children born/woman (2014 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate 84%
note: percent of women aged 16-49 (2008/09)
HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate 0.2% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS – people living with HIV/AIDS 85,000 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS – deaths fewer than 1,000 (2009 est.)
Drinking water source improved: 
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility access improved: 
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2012 est.)
Nationality noun: Briton(s), British (collective plural)
adjective: British
Ethnic groups white 87.2%, black/African/Caribbean/black British 3%, Asian/Asian British: Indian 2.3%, Asian/Asian British: Pakistani 1.9%, mixed 2%, other 3.7% (2011 est.)
Religions Christian (includes Anglican, Roman Catholic, Presbyterian, Methodist) 59.5%, Muslim 4.4%, Hindu 1.3%, other 2%, none 25.7%, unspecified 7.2% (2011 est.)
Languages English
note: the following are recognized regional languages: Scots (about 30% of the population of Scotland), Scottish Gaelic (about 60,000 in Scotland), Welsh (about 20% of the population of Wales), Irish (about 10% of the population of Northern Ireland), Cornish (some 2,000 to 3,000 in Cornwall) (2012)
Literacy definition: age 15 and over has completed five or more years of schooling
total population: 99%
male: 99%
female: 99% (2003 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) total: 16 years
male: 16 years
female: 17 years (2011)
Education expenditures 6.2% of GDP (2010)
Maternal mortality rate 12 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Health expenditures 9.3% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density 2.77 physicians/1,000 population (2011)
Hospital bed density 3 beds/1,000 population (2010)

Education

The UK has a vast variety of higher education opportunities to offer students with over 100 universities offering various degree programs for students from the UK and around the world. In the UK about one-third of all students go on to some form of higher education and this number is well over 50% for students from Scotland. This makes competition for places very fierce and so it is advised to apply early for courses.

In the UK most undergraduate degree programs take three years to finish; however, the “sandwich course” is increasing in popularity, which is four years and involves one year in the work place (normally in your third year). In Scotland the courses are four years in length for undergraduate programs.

For graduate or masters programs they are generally shorter in length and undertaken after graduation of your undergraduate program. Some professional degrees like medicine, veterinary, law etc. have longer programs that can be as much as five years.

From 2007, universities in the UK are allowed to charge students from the UK up to £3,070 per year (depending on the school and location). For students from the EU, you will also only have the pay the same fees as students from the UK, but international students from the rest of the world will have to pay the full school fees which will vary depending on the school. These fees for international students can range anywhere from £4,000 per year right up to £18,000 per year or more.

What activities are organised outside lessons?

Along with sport, schools offer a substantial programme of “extra-curricular activities”; that is, activities which are able to offer students a wide range of experiences, intellectual, cultural and relaxing. Music, drama, science and literary societies are offered in all schools, and there will be opportunities for outdoor education and other leisure activities. Visits to theatres and concerts, to places relevant to the courses of study (such as art galleries and museums, religious centres or historical sites, scientific companies and projects) are all part of life in a school Sixth Form.

Will the qualifications obtained in the UK be recognised back in my own country?

You will need to check with your own country’s education authorities, and your country’s universities to find out if they recognise and give credit for UK qualifications. Many do, but you need to ask about this in your own country.

Can I study for my own National examinations during my year in the UK?

Again, you must check with your own country’s rules about this. Some countries involved in the HMC Scheme require their National Examinations to be taken in the homeland, but others are prepared to let students take the exams in the UK under proper supervision. You can certainly study for your home country’s exams while you are in the UK, but you need to think carefully about how much extra work that will involve.

Will my qualifications that I get in the UK help me to enter a British university?

Yes, but remember that your scholarship will initially be for one year only, although many schools have been happy to extend the scholarship for a second year. Depending on your course, this second year allows you to take the A2, Scottish Higher or IB exams (see above) which are used for UK University entry. Not all schools in the HMC Scheme are able to do this, however, so please do not assume that a second year in a UK will be available. You will also need to look at the fees which British Universities will charge: these are generally much higher different for students from outside the EEA, compared to the charge made to students from within the EEA. Visa requirements are also different for students at universities in the UK from those you may have dealt with as a school scholarship student. Some careful research is necessary for each country!

Tuition fees and living costs

Postgraduate tuition costs for international students vary significantly depending on the subject and institution, but as a rough idea you can expect to be charged from around UK£6,000 to £20,000 per year (~US$9,000-$30,000), with the majority of programs priced between UK£10,000 to £12,000 (US$15,000-$18,000). However, those wishing to study a subject like medicine at one of the leading universities in the UK, for example, should expect to pay much more, with top prices coming in at around UK£38,500 (US$57,700).

You will also need to consider living expenses, including the costs of accommodation, food, travel and entertainment. The UK Border Agency recommends that you budget around UK£1,020 (~US$1,500) per month if living within London and UK£820 (US$1,200) outside of London.

Unfortunately, student loans are not usually available to master’s students, whether from the UK or overseas. However, other graduate funding options may be available, including scholarships, bursaries, grants and financial awards. If you’ve lived in the UK for three years prior to application then you could also be eligible for a bank loan.

Study Benefits

With a strong reputation for research, innovation and creativity, UK universities and colleges attract some of the world’s leading academics and industry professionals. You will be encouraged to express your own ideas and think for yourself. UK degree courses develop your critical thinking, decision-making and creativity – skills that are valued by employers worldwide.

This attention to quality is reflected in the UK’s excellent results:

  • Four of the top six universities in the world are in the UK (World Rankings, QS).
  • The UK ranks in the top five in the world for university-industry collaboration (World Economic Forum Global Competitiveness Report 2014-15).
  • Student satisfaction in the UK is higher than ever, with 86% of students satisfied overall with their course (National Student Survey).
  • The UK is a world-leading research nation. Researchers in the UK gain more citations and usage per article, and write more articles individually, than anywhere else in the world (International Comparative Performance of the UK Research Base, BIS).
  • The UK ranks second in the world for the quality of its scientific and research institutions (World Economic Forum Global Competitiveness Report 2014-15).
  • 54% of the research conducted by UK universities and colleges is classed as ‘world-leading’ (Research Assessment Exercise).
  • Over 88% of international higher education graduates were satisfied with their UK learning experience (BIS Tracking International Graduate Outcomes).
  • 93% of UK postgraduate students rated the quality of teaching positively (HE Academy Postgraduate Taught Experience).
  • The UK has the lowest student drop-out rate in Europe (Analysis forUniversity of Southampton and IZA).
  • UK universities and research institutions have produced 107 Nobel Prize winners (Nobel Media AB).

Find out more about the UK’s strengths in Business, IT, Engineering, Arts and many other subjects in ourSubject profiles section.

Vocational (career-focused) courses

If you want to train directly for a career or prepare for higher education, you will find excellent courses on offer at UK further education colleges. These colleges are known for offering lots of teaching support, to help you develop your skills.

English language courses

The UK is the number one destination worldwide for English language study (Study Travel Magazine, December 2012).

The UK has long been at the forefront of language teaching, and pioneered many of the techniques now used around the world. The emphasis is on learning through fun and participation – instead of just listening to your teacher, your classes will involve games, problem-solving and discussions. You might also listen to songs, watch television or read magazines to practise your comprehension skills… in fact, it might not feel like work at all!

Many English language courses are also offered by universities and colleges to help international students prepare for a degree course in the UK.

VISA and Immigration

We understand that Immigrating to the UK can be a stressful experience, so here at UK Visa and Immigration we remove that stress. Our services are designed to be the easiest, quickest and most cost effective to help people from all around the world to get a UK Visa.

We take care of all the formalities often associated with UK Visa applications and appeals to ensure that your UK Immigration matter is as stress free as possible.

How we can help you:

We work with a network of the UK’s leading immigration specialists, with a track record of many successful UK Visa applications; you can be rest assured that your Immigration matter is in safe hands.

The high success rate of our immigration specialists is down to the dedication of Caseworkers and Barristers, who ensure that there are no inconsistencies in your application so it has the best possible chance of success.

What our experts will do for you:

Our network follows strict procedures in order to ensure that every UK Visa application undergoes a thorough assessment at the beginning to final stage checks before being submitted for review by the Home Office. This procedure includes:

  • A complete assessment of your UK Immigration matter
  • The gathering of all relevant documents needed for your UK Visa application
  • The completion of all the required forms and paperwork
  • A review of your entire case before submission to the Home Office
  • Continued communication with the Home Office until they have reached a decision

Our UK Immigration network has the most efficient solution for your UK Immigration matter and our Immigration experts have worked in UK Immigration Law for many years. Our network has a proven success rate and can offer solutions to any UK Visa problem or question that you may have.

Reasons you should choose this service:

  • You reduce the risk of having your application refused – Did you know? Hundreds of thousands of applications are refused every year due to incorrect submissions
  • You can take advantage of expert assistance
  • Our network enables you to work with a dedicated UK Immigration Caseworker and in more complex cases an Immigration Barrister who can handle your case
  • We work with our own network of qualified experts and Barristers Chambers who undergo stringent checks before being able to join our panel. What this means to you is that our experts are able to conduct complex and specialist cases and represent clients before the Immigration and Asylum Chambers (IAC)
  • 98% of our clients are satisfied with our service based on 164 reviews from external review sites.

http://www.ukvisaandimmigration.co.uk/

FAQ

What are the Universities Entry Requirements?
  • Stage 1 (Foundation)
    Stage 2 (First Year Degree)
    Stage 2 (First Year Integrated)
    First Year Entry
     Pre-Masters
    Or Bachelor
    (Top Up)
    Masters 
    5 GCSE passes or equivalent, with a minimum C-grade average overall
    120 UCAS tariff points at GCE A/AS level or equivalent
    220 UCAS Tariff Points at GCE A/AS level or equivalent
    280 UCAS Tariff Points at GCE A/AS level or equivalent
    HND or Bachelor degree (Ordinary/Third class)
    Bachelor Degree minimum 2:2 overall
  • What is a complete application?
    • Complete application form, preferably submitted online .
    • Qualifications
    • Passport/ID
    • Personal Statement (for previous UK study)
    • Credibility Checks
  • What is Admissions- Qualifications ?
    • All current and previous qualifications.
    • Official transcripts.
    • Translations where appropriate.
    • Confirmation of overall grade.
    • Original certificates/transcripts required at Registration.
  • What is Personal Statement ?
    • Should be minimum 250 words.
    • Should include motivations to study programme and demonstrate passion for the subject area.
    • Motivations to study in Birmingham
    • Motivations to study in UK
    • Career aspirations
    • Is used as part of UKVI compliance checks
  • What is Admissions Credibility Checks?
    • Interview with Universities Member
    • Admissions checking study gaps, progression from Bachelor level to Foundation, low levels of English language
    • Skype call for Credibility Interview preparation
    • Collateral for Credibility interviews
  • What is Admissions Non-standard
    • Unsuccessful Previous UK Study
    • Number of failed modules
    • Attendance
    • No unsuccessful Navitas UK study
    • Genuine student?
    • Faculty Skype Interview required
  • What is UKVI Compliance ?
    • All Higher Education Institutions (HEI) need to adhere to UKVI rules and regulations to fulfil their sponsorship duties.
    • HEIs are measured by the following metrics:
    • Visa Refusal rates < 10%
    • Enrolment rates > 90%
    • Completion rates > 90%

    UKVI can revoke the HEI sponsor licence if not performing to these metrics.

  • What are UKVI recent changes ?
    • Biometric Residency Permits (BIDs)    Pick UP
    • Health Surcharge
    • English Language Requirements
    • Academic Progression
    • Study Limit Calculations
  • What is BRP Pickup?
  • Students are now given 30 days travel visa  and are required to pick up BRP after arriving in the UK . There are two ways to pick up BRP’-
  • 1- Students can pick up BRP’s from Post Office
  • .2- Some universities able to distribute BRP’s. Students will need to enter ACL code during visa applications.

          What is Health Surcharge ?

An immigration health Surcharge was introduced for Non EEA nationals in April 2015.Costs £150 for students and £200 per year for all other applicants .Total payable during the visa applications.

Students will automatically be refunded if their visa application has been  refused and their administrative review has been dismissed ,or the time limit for making an administrative review has passed.Students will not be refunded until these Administrative Review limit have passed.

           What is English Requirement ?

  • For Degree Level or above study, students need to have an english language level CEFR B2.
  • Navitas students issued a CAS at NQF 6 or NQF 7 will be able to use their WAEC/GCSE/IB grades to satisfy the english requirement.
  • Below Degree Level  will need to provide an IELTS for UKVI certificate -The only approved overseas SELT that since April 2015.
  • What is Academic Progression ?
  • A student’s new course must normally be the above level of the previous course for which  they were given TEIR 4 Leave.
  • What is New Academic Progression Rule (August 2015)

“If a students has failed to successfully complete a previous course for which they were granted TEIR 4 lave by achieving the qualification for which they were studying ,They will not be able to demonstrate academic progression and will have to apply from overseas ,if they wish to make TEIR 4 application to study a new course.

Note: Student who has failed a course or not completed will need to make a new application from outside the UK .

What is Student Limit Calculation ?

Study as a TEIR 4 (General)student is limit to 5 years at above Degree level.

Study as a TEIR 4 (General)student is limit to 5 years at Below Degree level- to be reduced to 2-years on 12 November 2015.

From August 2015:

When Calculating if a student has exceeded the TEIR 4 (General) time limit for ,you should take into account both:

1- The student’s length of leave for any previous TEIR 4 (General ) visa issued at NQF 6 or above .

2- The full length of leave that will be granted for the course applied for.

EXCEPTIONS :

1- Students applying to for a degree level or above course at a HEI them limit is extended 5 years and 11 months in order from them to finish their 5th academic year .

2- if a student has completed 4- year UK degree , the limit is extended 6 years and 11 months in order  for them to complete a master degree.

3- Time spent in the UK as a Tier 4(Child ) student or a Teir 4(General) student age 16 or 17 .

4- Certain courses , Medical,LPC,Architecture , Medicine Courses.

What are the maintenance Requirements ?

for visa application submitted on or after 12 November 2015

1- £1265/ month for living costs for students studying  in  London (Include the former  Metropolitan Police District).

2-£1035/ month for living costs for students studying  outside  London.

Q- What are the Dependants  Financial maintenance Requirements?

The amount of money that each dependant must show is as follows:

  • If you will study in London, each dependant must show £845 for each month of immigration permission you have been granted (if your dependants are applying after you have received your permission) or will be granted (if your dependants are applying at the same time as you). This is up to a maximum of 9 months (therefore, a maximum figure of £7,605). The definition of ‘London’ for these purposes is complicated, so check with your college or university whether or not you will be considered to be studying in London.
  • If you will study somewhere other than London, each dependant must show £680 for each month of immigration permission you have been granted (if your dependants are applying after you have received your permission) or will be granted (if your dependants are applying at the same time as you). This is up to a maximum of 9 months (therefore, a maximum figure of £6,120).

The number of months of immigration permission granted to a Tier 4 student depends on the type, and length, of the course. The Tier 4 policy guidance contains a table on pages 31 and 32 which explains the length of immigration permission a Tier 4 student will receive.

What is Established presence ?

From 12 Nov 2015, the provision for student established presence has been removed, now every students will have to show full Level of maintenance for Visa application .

What are in Country Application Requirements ?

From 12 Nov 2015, Students who wish to submit an application from the UK to apply for TEIR 4(General) Leave to remain must have last been sponsored by an HEI or an embedded college .

Note: Sponsor types are now listed alongside the sponsor on the TEIR4 Register of Sponsors.

What are the Embedded Colleges ?

Current Embedded colleges on 26/10/2015

Bournemouth University International College (Kaplan)

Glasgow International College Glasgow (Kaplan)

Liverpool International College Glasgow (Kaplan)

Nottingham Trent International College Glasgow (Kaplan)

University of Brighton International College Glasgow (Kaplan)

University of West England Bristol International College Glasgow (Kaplan)

University of Leicester International Study Centre ( Study Group )

University of Surrey International Study Centre ( Study Group )

University of Sussex International Study Centre ( Study Group )

All Navitas Colleges are Embedded with their Concerned Universities

What is Administrative Review ?

London~ Middlesex

Middlesex University

Hertfordshire

Hertfordshire University(HIC)

Cambridge ~ Chelmsford

Anglia Ruskin University(Cric)

Greenwich- London

University of Greenwich

Southampton

solent 3

Southampton Solent University

Partner Universities in United Kingdom

Study Option in London

East London

University of East London

Central London

Northumbria University London Campus

Central London

Coventry University London Campus

Central London

Ulster University London Campus

Central London

University of West Scotland

London~ Uxbridge

Brunel University (LBIC)

Northampton

Northmaptn campus

Northampton University

Portsmouth

Portsmouth University(ICP)

Plymouth

plymouth marine_building_plymouth_i311012_1

Plymouth University (PUIC)

Buckingham

The University of Buckingham

Blackburn

Blackburn College University Centre

Birmingham

BIrmingham

Birmingham City University

Wales

University Campus, Swansea, United Kingdom,

Swansea University (ICWS)

Coventry

Coventry University

Preston

UCLAN news_media_factory

University of Central Lancashire

Manchester

Manchester Metropolitan University

Manchester

Salford Campus

University of Salford

Partners in Scotland

Glasgow

GlasgowCaledonian-995

Glasgow Caledonian University

Aberdeen

Robert Gordon University(ICRGU)

Paisley

University of West Scotland

Edinburg

Edinburg Napier University (EIC)